Paper number 1028


Harold J. Brandon1,2, V. L. Young 2, K.L. Jerina1 and C.J. Wolf3

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Washington University
Campus Box 1185, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 USA
2Division of Plastic Surgery, Washington University, St. Louis Missouri USA
3Department of Chemical Engineering, Washington University, St. Louis Missouri USA

Summary A study was conducted to examine the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of composite (silicone/silica) breast implants as a function of implantation time. In the study the properties of SILASTC(r)II gel-filled explants with in vivo duration times ranging from 4 months to 10 years were compared to lot-matched control (unimplanted) samples. Tensile strength properties were measured for both explant and control shells using identical testing protocols. The tensile strength properties of shells which were extracted with hexane to remove non-cross linked silicones were also measured. In addition, swelling measurements were used to determine the average molecular weight between cross-links (and/or entanglements). The tensile strength properties obtained from the present study were correlated with implantation time. The results of the study suggest that the silicone elastomer shells do not undergo appreciable degradation during in vivo aging.
Keywords biomedical, durability, mechanical properties, breast implants, silicone/silica, gel implants.

Theme : Bio-composites

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