Paper number 279

THE MELT SHEAR VISCOSITY OF POLYPROPYLENE/GLASS BEAD COMPOSITES AT HIGH EXTRUSION FLOW RATES

J.Z. Liang1,, R.K.Y. Li1, C.Y. Tang2 and S.W. Cheung3

1Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong
Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P.R. China
2Department of Manufacturing Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, P.R. China
3Hong Kong Plastics Technology Centre, Kowloon, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, P.R. China

Summary The effects of filler content and its surface treatment with silane coupling agent on the melt shear viscosity of glass bead-filled polypropylene (PP) composites have been investigated using a capillary rheometer at a wide shear rate scope of 150 to 7200 s-1 and temperature range of 160 to 200C. The melt flow obeys power law, but the slopes of the flow curves have transitions at the shear rate of about 500 s-1. The melt shear viscosity of the coated glass bead-filled system is somewhat higher than that of the uncoated glass bead-filled system when both were subjected to the same conditions. The dependence of the melt shear viscosity on temperatures can be described with Arrhenius relationship, and the temperature sensitivity of the composite melts is greater than that of pure PP. The melt shear viscosity increases with the volume fraction of the fillers at lower shear rates, while the dependence of viscosity on the volume fraction decreases with the increase of shear rates.
Keywords polypropylene, glass bead, composite, melt viscosity, capillary extrusion.

Theme : Processing, Integrated Design and Manufacturing ; Processing

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