Paper number 594

THERMOMECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SIC FIBER TOWS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CMC

H.M. Yun and J.A. Di Carlo

Materials Division, NASA Lewis Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA

Summary In order to better understand SiC fiber behavior within CMC microstructures, mechanical tests were performed on multifilament tows consisting of different types of as-produced and pre-treated fibers. Tensile strengths of tows and single fibers were measured at room temperature for non-stoichiometric Hi-Nicalon and ZMI fibers and for stoichiometric Hi-Nicalon-S, Tyranno SA, and Sylramic fibers. Based on simple bundle theory, measured strengths for as-produced and sized tows were in general agreement with the single fiber results. However, after sizing removal under inert conditions, tow strengths for the coarser grained stoichiometric fibers were typically lower than those predicted from individual fiber data. This effect is attributed to enhanced fiber-fiber mechanical interaction caused by sizing removal from the rough surfaces of these fibers. In support of this, tow strengths remained high for those fiber types with fine grains or excess surface carbon; and, when re-coated with a BN interphase coating, tow strengths for the coarser grained fibers returned to their as-produced values. When the tows were pre-treated in air at intermediate temperatures, tow strengths decreased in a manner that could be correlated with the oxidation characteristics of each fiber type as measured by thermogravimetric analysis. The creep and rupture properties of Hi-Nicalon and Sylramic tows were also measured in air and argon from 1200 to 1400C. Although displaying transient and environmental effects similar to single fibers, the tows crept faster at short times and slower at long times. This resulted in the tow rupture strengths at long time being much greater than the rupture strengths of single fibers. The CMC implications of the tow results are discussed, as well as the benefits and limitations of tow testing.
Keywords SiC fiber, tow, CMC, strength, sizing, interphase coating, oxidation,
creep, rupture.

Theme : Ceramic Matrix and C/C Composites ; Thermo-mechanical behaviour

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