Paper number 123


Jin H. Huang1, Chieh-Hsuan Tsai1, and Hsing-Chia Kuo2

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Feng Chia University
Taichung 407, Taiwan, Republic of China
2Department of Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University
Tainan 701, Taiwan, Republic of China

Summary This study presents failure criteria for multiply permeable cracks embedded in an infinite piezoelectric solid, which is separately subjected to a set of uniform-electromechanical loads. Based on the equivalent inclusion method, permeable cracks are initially treated as elliptical inclusions with fictitious eigenstrains and eigenelectric fields, in which their elastic moduli and piezoelectric coefficients are taken as zero while dielectric constants remain finite. Consequently the interaction energy between the cracks and the applied electromechanical loading can be simply expressed in term of the applied electromechanical loads and the equivalent eigenfields. With this energy function, the energy release rates for fracture are separately acquired in a closed form for a simple tension, in-plane and out-plane shears, as well as normal electric flux density applied. The closed forms for energy release rates reveal that these forms are a function of the aspect ratio of the permeable elliptical cracks, type of the electromechanical loading, volume fraction of the cracks, and piezoelectric properties. Analysis results indicate that the different mechanical loading propagate the expansion of the elliptical cracks. Meanwhile, the distinct electric fields can retard the dilation of the elliptical cracks, particularly for an in-plane electric field incited perpendicular to the crack faces.
Keywords multiply permeable cracks, electromechanical loading, energy release rate.

Theme : Smart Materials and Smart Manufacturing

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